Acute knee injuries are one of the most common types of injuries that occur on the sports field. The ligaments (both collateral and cruciate), the meniscus, and the patella are among the structures that can be affected. When the foot is held rooted, the knee is normally damaged by physically twisting. It is not always necessary to use a great deal of force to inflict injury. Typically, the knee can swell significantly, become extremely painful, and have little range of motion. Symptoms include ‘clicking,”giving way,’ and ‘locking.’ Your Physiotherapist will conduct a series of precise special tests on your knee to assess the exact region of injury. However, in order to get an accurate diagnosis, the swelling and pain will need to go down a little first, as there may be so many false positives (where something hurts!) early on. If the injury is serious, an MRI scan may be necessary to ascertain the exact cause of the injury and the best course of action. Prior to getting an MRI scan, your doctor would refer you to an orthopaedic surgeon.Feel free to find more information at Physiotherapist.
So, what exactly does my diagnosis imply?
Ligaments of the Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments The basis for care is primarily determined by the structure that has been affected. When the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is broken, as it is in many footballers and netballers, surgical repair of the ligament is the best option. This is dependent on your rehabilitation goals, your age, and how physically active you are now and intend to be in the future. The PCL (Posterior Cruciate Ligament) is less of a problem since the quadriceps muscle is perfectly positioned to compensate for any PCL damage. Surgery is rarely needed, and an athlete may expect to be back to near-full fitness after 6 weeks of progressive rehabilitation. The most common injury is a meniscus tear, which affects the cartilage discs in your knee. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the injury. If your symptoms aren’t serious, there’s a decent chance they’ll lead to conservative treatment under the supervision of your Physiotherapist. Work on strengthening and dynamic control is critical.
What am I supposed to do?
STAGE ONE: EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT (1- 3 DAYS) Rest: At first, avoid putting too much weight through the knee. Crutches may be needed in serious cases.
Ice: Every 2-4 hours for 24 hours; 15-20 minutes each time. For 48 hours, apply a bandage or tape to control swelling.
Elevation: Above the waist to help with oedema regulation. Seek medical help. Correct diagnosis and prompt treatment can mean the difference between a good recovery and a bad one. Alcohol, sun, and a hard massage should all be avoided.
So, what’s next?
STAGE 2: EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT (3-14 DAYS) When range of motion returns, strength training begins, and walking becomes more comfortable. As directed by your Physiotherapist, gradually wean yourself off crutches. The Physiotherapist will use their manual therapy skills at this point, with the primary aim of restoring Range of Motion. The physiotherapist will recommend exercises to retain muscle strength in various areas and, if necessary, begin strength training around the knee.
Vellore Chiropractic & Wellness Centre
9587 Weston Road, #7, Vaughan, Ontario L4H 3A5